The Indian Saladodeses and Arawakses, come in dugout from the basin of
Orenoque in South America, appear to Saint - Martin toward 1800 before JC. Discovering ponds and lagoons of which the product - salt - will remain
one of the main resources of the island, they baptized this one " SUALIGA " of
salt. The pacific Arawakses were invaded then by more quarrelsome others Indian
, to the customs anthropophagus, "The Caribbean" The Tainoses were the last Amerindian inhabitants of Saint- Martin toward 1500 after
J.C. They were decimated shortly after the discovery of the island by the first colonists
End of 15th
Christopher Columbus, at the time of his second journey to the Antilles, discovers
the island for the western world.
November 11, 1493, the Spanish navigator dedicates his discovery to
the eveque of Tower Saint-Martin of which birthday that day.
The island is visited by numerous nations
Europeans : Spanish, French, Dutchman, Portuguese, English, Flemish to the protected moistening research,.
It is the big time of the corsairs and filibusters oppression the natives in slavery, they often pull them to their island to transfer them in neighboring islands. The bad treatments and the illnesses are going very quickly to decimate
them. In 1595, Sir Francis Drake crosses to the large of Saint - Martin
Too small and of an interest limited for the conquistadors, the Spaniards left the island in 1648. During this year, Saint - Martin was occupied by 4 French and 5 Dutchmen, every government of these 2 nationalities signed a treaty in order to shared the island in two parts.
17 and 18 Century
During these two centuries,
many maritime wars and to the devastating conflicts that shook the Caribbean, the island of Saint - Martin undergoes the unceasing attacks of Spain and
England. March 23, 1648, the French and the Dutchmen adjust the problem of their sovereignty by the signature of the Treaty of the Mount of the Agreements.
It is at this time in 1776 that was constructed the Strong Saint Louis, perched on a gloomy overhanging the city of Creek. He/it permitted to protect it from the constants English
How does to delimit the border of Saint - Martin enter French and Dutchman
? Two runners of every nationality sprang each on their side in order to browse the biggest distance. The
French runner having done a longer distance, permitted to get a surface representing more the two third of the island. A legend tells that the
French runner having consumed " a little red " wine rightly allowed to take some abridgments explaining his/her/its remarkable performance thus. Other particularity, Saint - Martin is the smallest island to the world by his/her/its surface to be shared by two countries.
19 and 20
In 1816, the signature of the Treaty of Vienna puts a term to the colonial tearings, assuring the Franco - Dutchwoman predominance
definitely. In 1848, the slavery is abolished in the French part of the island and 1863 for the part Dutchwoman. Little by little, the commercial exchanges
The production sugar of the island stops in
1875. Cotton in 1923.
The salt marshes close their doors in the years 1950.This economic decline forces many Saint-Martinois to the exile. they emigrate toward new poles of use: refinery of Curacao and Arubas, plantations of
Santo - Dominguo and the United States, weaving emotional and lasting ties with the American continent.
During the war, the French part of the island recognizes the government of Vichy and by backlash underwent the blockade of the allied
forces. The war contributes extensively to the Americanization of the island, whose United States are the unique
supplier. This period was as pomp for the traffickers who will establish big
fortunes. The crisis of the island will persist until the years 50.
Since an economic development, bound to the tourism under the impulse of the sector Dutchman in the years 55, made
today Saint-Martin is one of the tourist centers the more frequented of the Caribbean.